Who is at risk for high blood pressure? Approximately 1 in 2, over 100 million, American adults suffer from high blood pressure. However, only forty percent of these individuals have their condition under control. Most individuals develop high blood pressure suddenly, after they are at least 45 years old, and it commonly occurs more often as individuals grow older. Men are twice as likely as women to develop hypertension, which is why men are the largest group affected by this condition.
Hypertension, also known as “cor pulmonale”, is known as a primary or secondary disease and can result from many different underlying factors. One such factor is atherosclerosis. Cor pulmonale is a narrowing of the arteries. When the arteries become too narrowed, there is less room for the blood to flow and the result is an increase in blood pressure. This narrowing of the arteries results in the heart having to pump harder, exerting much more force, and increasing the risk of a heart attack.
Another factor that increases the risk for developing hypertension is smoking benh cao huyet ap. Smoking depletes the body of necessary nutrients, which can lead to a decrease in the body’s ability to properly utilize calcium and magnesium. These minerals are essential in keeping the muscles in the body functioning properly. If left unchecked, uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause the heart to enlarge due to the increased force necessary to push blood through the body, which is a potentially serious condition that can eventually result in a heart attack or stroke.
A third factor, which can lead to a condition called cerebrovascular disease, involves the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries. Fat deposits interfere with the smooth flow of blood through the arteries and cause the veins to become swollen. When this occurs, the amount of force with which the heart pumps blood is diminished. If left untreated, these conditions can lead to heart attacks and strokes. In addition to reducing the amount of blood that the heart pumps, smoking, eating high fat foods, high cholesterol foods, and drinking alcohol can also cause atherosclerosis. If atherosclerosis is not treated, it will slowly narrow the arteries, which can result in a higher blood pressure reading, heart attacks, and strokes.
To prevent the development of cardiovascular disease, the most important treatment is to quit smoking and to eat a healthy diet, which includes plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits, fiber, and daily exercise. Lifestyle changes such as losing weight, quitting smoking, exercising, and avoiding high fat foods and cholesterol foods can also reduce the buildup of plaque on artery walls and contribute to good heart health. When artery walls become hardened, clots can form, which can block blood flow and cause the heart to enlarge. If these plaques are not removed, they can eventually cause heart disease and stroke.
Although most people associate high blood pressure with a single factor, there are a number of risk factors that increase your risk for this condition. For example, being over fifty years old, having high blood pressure already, having hypertension, having thin blood, diabetes, kidney disorders, and a family history of the condition are all risk factors. The good news is that many of these risk factors can be controlled, and lifestyle changes can help you live a longer, healthier life. If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure or you are experiencing symptoms, talk to your doctor today. Together you and he can work together to develop a plan of action that will help you get the heart health you need and deserve.